After this, it came in many countries but could not find a proper place.

The 1971 World Cup started as a result of numerous international competitions.

Other major international hockey competitions are the Olympics, Asian Cup, Asian Games, European Cup, and Pan-American Games.


The origin of the game of hockey has always been the subject of controversy this game was different from modern hockey.

After some time the game changed to Greece (present-day Greece) where it became so popular that it was played in the Olympic competition in Greece.

All the cities with military cantonments, such as Lahore, Jalandhar, Lucknow, Jhansi, Jabalpur were the bastions of Indian hockey.

he game of hockey was first played in India in Asia. India could not get an opportunity to play in the first two Asian Games, but in the third Asian Games, India got this opportunity for the first time.

India’s performance in hockey has been very good. [1] India has won eight gold, one and two bronze medals in the Olympics so far.

India’s performance in hockey has been very good. [1] India has won eight gold, one and two bronze medals in the Olympics so far.

In the three matches of 1924, 1932 and 1937, the Indian team was led by the famous Major Dhyanchand of hockey wizard.

Dhyanchand alone scored 133 goals in the 323 goals scored by India in the 1932 Olympics.

He proved his sporting ability in the world by defeating Germany 4–1 in the 1936 Games. Indian team lead in all the three matches of 1924, 1932 and 1936

Independent India has also declared it its national sport. After this, India won the next gold medal in hockey in 1969 and the last gold medal in 1960

Women’s hockey

Despite the ban on women in sports in the Victorian era, the popularity of hockey among women grew immensely.

The first women’s World Cup of Hockey was held in 1974 and in 1980 women’s hockey was included in the Olympics.

The game was started by Appleby and field hockey gradually became a popular field team sport among the women and played in schools, colleges, and clubs.


Teddington, a London-based club, introduced a number of major changes, including restrictions on the use of hands or lifting the stick above the shoulders, the use of a circular form in place of a rubber cubed ball.

The usual combination of squads consists of five players forward, three halfbacks, two fullbacks, and a goalkeeper.

The game is stopped only in case of injury. The goalkeeper wears thick but light pads and is allowed to hit the ball with the foot in a 30-yard circle (D) or stop it with the help of the legs or body.

All other players can only stop the ball with a stick.

In the face-off, one player from each team stands face to face and the ball is between them on the field.

There are various ways to resume the game in the event that the ball goes off the ground.

It is against the rules to lift the hockey above the shoulders while playing with the ball.

Stopping the ball with hockey is the same mistake as stopping the ball with the body or feet.

Along with undercutting, it is also wrong to make the game dangerous by hoisting the ball fast by hooking your hockey in the opponent’s hockey.

Most of the mistakes are punished as a free hit from the place where the rules were broken. There is a referee for each part of the game.


The game is played between two teams of 11 players on a square ground.

The ground is 91.4 meters long and 55 meters wide, with a central line drawn at its center and two other lines of 22.8 meters.

Hockey in India

On May 26, 1928, the Indian hockey team participated in the Olympic Games for the first time and won.

At the Los Angeles Olympics in 1932, when the Indians defeated the host team 24–1. Since then, the record of victory has also been established by the highest margin.

The brothers scored 9 goals out of 24, Roop Singh scored 11 goals and Dhyanchand scored the remaining goals.

In the 1936 Berlin Olympics, the Indian contingent led by these brothers again won the gold medal when they defeated Germany.

The return of the Olympics after eight years did not change the status of India’s World Hockey Champion.

In the 1956 Melbourne Olympics final, India and Pakistan overcame India by winning the gold 1-0 in the final of the 1960 Rome Olympics.

But after Mexico, the dominance of Pakistan and India began to break down.

In the 1972 Munich Olympics, neither of the two teams managed to win the gold medal and only managed to reach second and third places respectively.

Mainly in India, there was a rapid decline in public interest in places other than the traditional hockey centers, and little efforts were made to prevent the collapse.

After this, India won the gold medal only once in the 1980 brief Moscow Olympics. The team’s volatile performance continued.

After this, the gold medal in the 1998 Asian Games was the only good performance of Indian hockey.

There have been very few occasions when Kaushal has defeated physical fitness, otherwise, it has been a case of frequent defeats and missed goals.

Olympics in India

India has always won in the game of hockey. During this golden age, India played 24 Olympic matches, winning 178 out of all 24 matches and scoring only 7 goals.

The Indian team won the gold medal in five matches without scoring a single goal.

Under the captaincy of Jaipal Singh, the team, which included legendary player Dhyanchand, easily defeated Holland in the final match and won the gold medal.

The history of the Indian Hockey Association began in the Olympics to begin its golden saga.

The team led by Kishanlala won a gold medal in London. Apart from winning the World Cup in 1975, the Indian hockey team also won two other medals (silver and bronze).

The Indian Hockey Association earned global affiliation in 1927 and won international hockey.

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